The scales can be frightening, but measuring weight alone does not mean much. We need to take more measurements that show us more information about our bodies more objectively. If you think about it, it makes sense: our body weight is given by our body composition.

What is body composition? Let’s divide our body into five parts.

1- Bones

2- Muscles

3- Fat

4- Organs

5- Skin

Those five components, all together, make up our body weight. Obviously some of these components cannot be modified (because they are genetically fixed), while others are susceptible to alteration. From a fitness point of view, we need to think about our Fat and Muscle percentage when we design training plans.

If we eat a lot without doing any type of physical activity, our fat percentage is likely to get higher. On the other hand, if we do a lot of physical activity, we are more likely to increase our muscle mass. This means that we can put on weight without adding any extra fat to our bodies.

Our weight is the sum of these components, but you cannot tell the different percentages. In order to do that, I use a high tech scale, which in a matter of seconds, provides me with a lot of data, including fat % and muscle mass %.

Knowing our body composition is key to setting goals and planning our diets. Sometimes the traditional scale tells us that our weight is the right one, but in reality we have more fat that we need and we are lacking in muscle mass.

This is one of the reasons that you must train with a professional who can guide you through your workouts bearing in mind your body components, and not just your weight.